Winter Skin Care

Posted on 28 October 2015
Author:Emilia Obiekea

As the seasons change our skin's needs change as well. It is rare, depending on where you live in the world, that people have the luxury of unchanging year round skincare. If you live in an area with different season then you will need to evaluate and update your routine.

Here in the U.S. it is fall!

That means it's time to ditch that summer care and reach for your most nourishing products. There are 4 skin types and you can most likely fit in 1 or more of them depending on your diet, the season and local weather. 

This article will help you to select the proper skin care regimen for your unique skin type during the cold months ahead.

 

(image courtesy: istock)

 

What elements create your skin type?

 

  1. Lipids: Are natural particles that are an important component of the the outer layer of the skin. It is what encases the skin cells creating a barrier for storage of energy and moisture. Fats, vitamins and waxes are a few examples of lipids. Very important for softness.

  2. Skin Sensitivity: Sensitivity can be increased by many things such as allergies, over exposure, weather, sickness, skin density, etc... It is ultimately responsible for figuring out what your skin can tolerate. This plays a role in product selection and frequency of application.

  3. Moisture: The amount of moisture your skin is able to retain is the biggest factor in if you will have dry or normal skin. The dryer the skin the more needy it is for moisture and nourishment. Moisture maintenance is crucial. 


The following will help you to determine your skin type, concerns, issues and how to correct them to keep your skin soft, silky and fab.

 

Skin Types

 

Dry Skin

Characteristics
  • Skin can be dull lacking oil
  • Rough to the touch
  • Itchy *Worst in cold weather
  • Tightness *Worst in cold weather
  • Can be very sensitive 
  • Delicate to harsh moisturizers
  • Very tight/ small pores
  • Severely dry skin can have patches, scales or small cracks
  • Lacks elasticity
  • Can be prone to allergic reactions due to exposed under layer of skin due to cracked outer layer.
Areas of concern
  • arms
  • legs
  • feet
  • top of the hands
  • back of knees

Causes

  • Use of harsh soap strips the natural oils and moisture from the skin. 
  • Over cleansing *Example: Washing the hands constantly causes the skin to dry. Physicians are commonly in this category.
  • Taking very hot baths. *This skin type should never take hot bath. Warm baths are much better and will not worsen the condition of the skin.
  • Climate
  • Aging skin degrades overtime and becomes drier.
  • Skin disorders * Ex: psoriasis and dermatitis

 Solutions

Focus on moisture maintenance.

  •  After bathing pat the skin dry. Do not rub all of the moisture from the water off of the body. Apply a body oil or butter to your lightly dampened skin. This aids in maximum moisture retention.
  • Throughout the day if your problem areas need additional moisture use a water based skin moisturizer.
  • Consuming enough water daily. *Dry skin can be a sign of dehydration.
  • Using rich butters and oils are wonderful for your skin type.

 

Normal Skin

Characteristics

  • Small/ normal pore size. *Not easily visible
  • Radiant complexion
  • Discoloration, blemishes are minimal or nonexistent. *Scars are not included
  • Maintains an average amount of moisture (when properly applied). 
  • Can be a bit sensitive to harsh products.
  • May have some discoloration/ multi-toned complexion. *If this is not normal for you be sure to see your doctor.
  • Balanced amount of oil (aka sebum) production
  • Average cell regeneration

Areas of concern

  • Occasional dry skin
  • One thing to be cautious of is the selection of the products you select to apply to your body. If you have any allergies or sensitivities to fragrance be sure to use items that do not contain these things.

    Causes

    • Normal skin can become dry on occasion due:
    • Change in diet *Lack of balance
    • Need to increase water consumption

     

    Solution

    • Be sure to use a water based moisturizer with a light to mid-weight carrier oils that enrich the skin. 
    • If the skin bounces between normal and dry be sure that you are:
      • Using a water based moisturizer
      • Applying an oil/ butter to the body daily.

       Tip: Great oils to use are apricot oil, pure argan oil, jojoba oil (is a wax but works as an oil). 

       

      Oily Skin

      Characteristics

      • Rough to the touch
      • Breakouts (ex: acne or blackheads)
      • Shiny or wax-like or dull complexion
      • Enlarged pores

      Areas of concern

      • Face T-zone
      • Large pores

      Causes

      • The oil glands produce excessive lipids.
      • The oiliness of the skin can change from day to day, depending on the sun, the wind, time of the year, and the weather. 

      Solution

      • To address and correct oily skin the use of toners and cleansing products specifically for oily skin are able to breakdown and remove excess oil. This makes it simple to wash off.
      • Be sure to use a water based moisturizer.
      • Look for lotions that are created for controlling oil production.
      • Use in blotting paper.  

      Do I need to moisturize my oily skin?

      Yes absolutely! Oily skin still needs moisture. Over production of oil isn't an indication of moisturized skin.

      OilsMoisturizers

      SebumWater

       

      Combination Skin

      Characteristics

      • Combination skin *a blend of any of the aforementioned skin types
      • Skin can be dry to extremely dry causing it to be dull in appearance
      • Delicate skin *Due to easy irritability
      • Rough to the touch
      • Prone to T-zone skin problems such as irritation, acne or blackheads
      • Delicate to harsh moisturizers
      • Normal sized pores
      • Skin may be extremely oily
      • Can carry a multitude of the characteristics of the other skin types

      Areas of concern

      • Face T-zone
      • Cheeks
      • Usually on areas of the face
      • Can have any mixed combination of the  problem areas that are present for other skin types

        Causes

        • Weather
        • Over or under production of oil in some areas of skin

        Solution 

        • For combination skin the solutions are a bit complicated. It is best to look at what categories your skin fall's under that the moment and care for it accordingly.
        • If your skin is is extremely oily doing clay mask, such as bentonite clay, is great for removing excess oils. It cleans deep in the pours as well for a long lasting results. 
         

        How do moisturizers work?

        Keeping skin hydrated with moisturizer can help protect it as well as improve the skin's look and texture. Moisturizers use water, aloe vera juice, humectants, oils, fats, waxes, butters and other emollients (in any preferred combination) to deter water loss, hydrate and soften the skin.

         

        Other Tips

        • Always wear sunscreen regardless of the season. I have very sensitive skin and wear broad-spectrum sunscreen daily. This is recommended for most people by dermatologist.
        • Wear a lip balm with rich butters and oils. Look for those with an SPF of 30 or more.
        • Use a humidifier to add moisture to the air.
        • After washing your hands apply a rich butter or oil.
        • Wear gloves when it is cold especially during winter months.

         

        Cold weather is tough on our skin. Before winter weather sets in start preparing your skin by pampering it. Hopefully these tips help you to update your fall and winter skincare regimens. We offer our wonderful nourishing butter - Budding Butter Treat and an oil blend - Daily Dew

         Enjoy!

        If you have any questions, comments or concerns you would like me to talk about comment below.

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